Here are the basic descriptions of each of the three languages.
- Java is a secure, multithreaded programming language known for its fast speed, making it a good fit for enterprise-level applications, big data, and cloud development.
- Python is both a compiled and interpreted and general-purpose programming language used for a variety of purposes, including backend web development, data science, and machine learning.
- They use different plug-ins.
Differences between Java and Python include:
- Java requires longer lines of code and more frameworks.
- Java’s syntax is more complex; Python’s syntax is easy to remember.
- Python uses an interpreter; as a result, it runs slower than Java.
Despite these differences, these three languages share some similarities.
- Both are object-oriented languages.
- Both can run on a browser.
- They share the same core programming concepts, including programming loops and conditional statements.
- They share some syntax concepts, such as code block delimiters.
- They are high-level languages that can support object-oriented programming.
- They have familiar procedural programming codes, such as for loop and if else.
- They have large communities of developers and extensive libraries.
Advantages of Each Language
Java is a platform-independent, OOP language, which means that developers can create modular programs and reusable code. It is also a compiled language, which means that it is directly coded to machine code, enabling the processor to execute more quickly and giving developers greater control over CPU usage and other hardware aspects.
Python is a versatile, open-source language that developers can use to build a wide range of new and different projects without learning another language. Like Java, Python is platform-independent and offers extensive libraries. Because it’s dynamically typed, Python enables fast development, which boosts productivity. It’s also compatible with a variety of programming styles, offering a more flexible approach to developers.
Disadvantages of the Languages
Java consumes a significant amount of memory, requiring more hardware. Java’s GUI builders don’t offer an enhanced native look when a developer is trying to create complex UI on a desktop.
Python is slower to execute than Java because it’s dynamically typed, making it less appropriate for projects that require speed. Like Java, it also uses a large amount of memory, which could cause an issue for projects in which many objects are active in RAM. Python is not mobile native, meaning that it will require more coding work for mobile projects.
Ease of Learning the Language
The Choice Is Yours
- Java is the hardest to learn of the three languages, but it’s the leading contender if you’re seeking a career that involves enterprise-level applications, big data, or cloud development.
- Python has a simpler syntax than Java, which makes it easier to learn. It’s a great fit if you’re interested in pursuing a career in backend web development, data science, and machine learning.
For additional career guidance, check out our other resources.